The uprising of the second Intifada in 2000 marked a milestone in the formation of a new type of struggle in Israel and Palestine. The failure of the Oslo Accords resulted in the entrenchment of nationalism across Israel and a political shift to the right, including within the so-called “Peace Camp”. This left a void in the Israeli left-wing, and within this a new radical left began to grow. At the same time, widespread popular struggle and resistance erupt across the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. In 2003, a year after Israel began the construction of the Segregation Wall, a four-month long protest camp was formed by Palestinian, Israeli, and international activists in the village of Mas’ha, whose lands were being lost to the Wall. This camp became a focal point for a new form of struggle, one that is joint, civilian, directly democratic, and community-based. Mas’ha was a starting point of Anarchists Against the Wall, Israeli activists that joined the Palestinian non-violent struggle as well as Israeli initiatives. This new model of resistance began to spread from Mas’ha to other villages in the West Bank affected by construction of the Wall, including Budrus, Bil’in, Bidu, Jayyous, Ni’ilin, Um Salmuna, and others. A key component of the Joint Struggle is direct resistance to the occupation, using tactics such as vigils, demons-trations, and direct actions, including removal of road-blocks placed by the Israeli army that prevent the free movement of Palestinians, re-building of Palestinian houses demolished by Israeli authorities/army, escorting farmers to their lands under the threat of settler and army violence, water convoys to villages, and cutting fences separating Palestinians from their lands. For Israeli activists, the struggle also continues within Israel. Protests and direct actions inside Israeli cities remind the Israeli public of its responsibility and involvement in the military occupation and oppression of Palestinians in the occupied territories and within Israel. The struggle continues and at great human cost: as of August 2009, nineteen unarmed Palestinian have been murdered by soldiers and border police at demonstrations against the Wall, and thousands of others injured or arrested, including Palestinians, internationals, and Israelis. The Joint Struggle is not only about crossing physical borders; it means to cross the mental border between Palestinians and Israelis and subvert the policy of racial segregation created by the Israeli government.